What is the Dark Web

what is the dark web.

What is the Dark Web


What is the Dark Web


The dark web is part of the internet. The name “dark web” raises all sorts of questions. Is it dangerous? Are criminals lurking there? What might we find on the dark web? These are all very good questions. Let's find out what is the dark web?


Also Read: What Is Blockchain Technology And How It Works

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. What is the Dark Web?

2. Are Dark Web And Deep Web The Same?

3. How Does the Dark Web Work?

4. Is the Dark Web Illegal?

5. Is There Illegal Content On The Dark Web?

6. How Do I Access the Dark Web?

7. Should I Use a VPN On The Dark Web?

8. The Dark Web Is Not Scary


What is the Dark Web?


The dark web is a subsection of the internet that is not indexed by ordinary search engines. You can only access the dark web using special software, such as the Tor Browser.


That's because the dark web requires that your browser use certain security and privacy configurations that can communicate with a network of anonymous websites, on their anonymous hosts.


The dark web has a notorious reputation as a haven for criminals, terrorists, malicious sites, and everything in between. In fact, it's a mix of a lot of things with a sprinkling of myth.


Are Dark Web And Deep Web The Same?

The dark web is not the deep web. The dark web is a series of anonymous websites. Deep web refers to other sites whose content is not indexed by search engines.


For example, your online banking portal is part of the deep web, but not the dark web. Another example is the Wayback Machine. The Wayback engine accesses cached images from sites found on the deep web. Other examples are academic databases, legal documents, scientific reports, medical records, and so on.


How Does the Dark Web Work?


The dark web (sometimes also referred to as the darknet) is an overlay network. That is, it is a network on a network. You can only access dark web sites using special software.


The majority of people use the Tor network to access darknet websites. Tor stands for The Onion Router. Like an onion that has multiple layers, just like the Tor network. When you download Tor Browser, you can access a whole new world of websites that use .onion domains.


Onion's site doesn't use the usual DNS system that “Clearnet� (that's normal internet) uses. Usually, when you type a URL into the address bar and press Enter, your browser will look up the DNS address of that URL and take you there. If you try it with an onion domain in a regular browser, you won't be able to enter it.


Another major difference is how the darknet processes your data and your route across the internet to the hosting server. The darknet structure is meant to keep sites, services and users anonymous. When you use Tor to access the darknet, your internet traffic travels through multiple anonymous nodes from your computer to the onion site you want to visit.


Is the Dark Web Illegal?


The dark web is not illegal. Because this is just an anonymized network of servers. However, the legality of accessing the dark web depends on your jurisdiction.


Most people use Tor Browser to access the dark web. The Tor network uses strong encryption to protect users and their data. Therefore, anywhere where strong encryption is illegal, accessing the Tor network is illegal by extension.


In China, using strong encryption is illegal, therefore, using the Tor network is a criminal activity. In addition, the Chinese government continues to look for methods to ban the use of Virtual Private Networks, another form of encryption that people can use to enhance their privacy. Russian citizens also face a similar problem.


Is There Illegal Content On The Dark Web?


That's an important difference. The dark web itself is not illegal. But all kinds of websites on the dark web host illegal content. In addition, the authorities struggle to limit illegal content due to the structure of the dark web. If every website and node in the network stays secure, tracking down the owner of a particular site becomes very difficult.


Removing illegal content found on the dark web is made more difficult by using servers in countries with weak or indifferent attitudes to internet security and censorship. If someone wants to host a website on the dark web while remaining anonymous, they can use a bulletproof hosting provider.

Bulletproof hosting providers turn a blind eye to criminal activity happening on their servers. The idea is that when the authorities finally track down the owner and location of the server, nothing is traced back to the website owner. The money stops with the bulletproof hosts, and the website owners move on without a problem.


The majority of bulletproof hosting services are now found in places with questionable law enforcement. But that's not always the case.


Is there illegal content on the dark web? Yes of course. Are you guys going to find those things soon? Probably not. But it's possible if you look for it.


How Do I Access the Dark Web?


The easiest way to access the dark web is to use the Tor Browser. Tor Browser is a modified Mozilla Firefox browser that uses Torbutton, TorLauncher, NoScript, and HTTPS-Everywhere.

 1. Open the Tor project and make sure you only download Tor Browser from the official website. Then download Tor Browser according to your operating system, wait for it to download, then install.

 2. Once installed, open Tor Browser. If the browser notifies you of an update, install it immediately.

 3. You will now see a New to Tor Browser welcome message. It contains some handy tips, so read on if this is your first time using the Tor Browser.


Note: Don't mess with Tor Browser's security settings. Unless you know what you're doing, you can inadvertently expose yourself, negating the effects of the Tor network.


Should You Use a VPN On The Dark Web?


In short, Yes. You should always use a VPN when connecting to the dark web. You should use a VPN when you are online. A VPN protects your data and gives you an added security boost online.


When you access the Tor network, everything in your Tor Browser is encrypted. It will not encrypt anything. If you open your regular Chrome browser and finish web browsing, you don't have encryption protection. That's where VPNs come into play.


The Dark Web Isn't Scary


The dark web is not scary. It's just that it has a bad reputation. There are tons of darknet sites that you can visit for completely legitimate reasons. There are many ways to find active dark web sites as well.

Hopefully, this article about What is the Dark Web, gives you a little insight. Also, read an article about What is the difference between a modem and a router? that you may need to know. Thank you.

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